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Gender Equality

The Situation: Gender disparities in almost all areas of development have continued to persist in Uganda.  Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV) in Uganda is high.  Sixty percent of women have experienced violence compared to 53% of men with one in four women report that their first sexual intercourse was forced against their will.  Women still do not have full control of their own fertility. Fertility choices are also greatly determined by their spouses and societal and cultural norms and practices.  In this regard the ideal number of children per women in 5 children compared to 5.7 for men.

What We Do: UNFPA promotes gender equality and women's empowerment. The gender component is currently focused on five districts namely Kapchorwa, Kanungu, Masindi, Arua and Gulu.  UNFPA works with the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development and civil society organisations such as the Reproductive Education And Community Health (REACH) project now a Non-governmental organisation with funding from the Netherlands Embassy to implement their programmes on gender mainstreaming and interventions on SGBV.

The country programme promotes gender equality and supports partners to implement projects aimed at strengthening the capacity of Government of Uganda and other relevant institutions to formulate, review and implement pro-poor, gender sensitive legal frameworks, policies and laws. The country programme also aims to increase access by stakeholders to information, counselling, social support and treatment of and protection against sexual and gender based violence and other harmful practices.

The ultimate goal of UNFPA support is to have in place institutional mechanisms and socio-cultural practices which promote the rights of boys, girls and women and protect them against sexual and gender based violence and other harmful practices and advance gender equity and equality.

One of the critical areas of emphasis is to intervene using culturally sensitive approaches in handling harmful traditional practices such as female genital mutilation/cutting which is practiced in some communities with in Uganda such as Kapchorwa in Eastern Uganda.