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The monograph points to major gaps in the education sector which include enrollment disparities in terms of gender, region and special needs. It is important that investments are made to improve enrollment of boys and girls in regions like Karamoja which face huge gender disparities and enrollment for girls and boys living with disabilities.
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Uganda’s annual population growth is 3%, meaning 1,200,000 Ugandans are born every year. A total of 34.8% of Uganda’s 34.6 million population are adolescents with a similar sex distribution. Uganda’s dependency ratio is 103. Per 100 working age adults in Uganda, there are 103 dependents.

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To a significant extent, the emerging face of poverty in the country is the face of a young person. They are the new capable poor.  Despite their potential to lead economic and social change, insufficient investment have been made to develop their human capital. As a result, they face increased likelihood of future dependency, lower earnings and poor health outcomes.

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HIV infection, sexual and reproductive ill health and Gender Based Violence (GBV) are major public health concerns for Uganda, linked together in a complex cycle of causes and consequences.   To better address these complex issues and to meet the Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights and HIV prevention needs of Ugandans it is important to prioritise innovative service delivery solutions. Integration of SRH/HIV services is one such approach.

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The Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (UDHS) 2011 revealed that 56% of women aged between 15 and 49 years in Uganda have experienced physical violence at some point in their life, and that 28% of women in the same age group have experienced sexual violence, compared to 9% of
men. Perpetrators are often parents/guardians, current or former spouses, employers, domestic  workers and close relatives.
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As of 2015, 1,500,000 people were living with HIV in Uganda. Among adults, HIV prevalence among adults aged 15-49 stands at 7.1%; while among women it stands at 8.3%. Evidence-based prevention programs, such as condom programming, voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), key population programs, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and antiretroviral therapy (ART) are cost-effective when they focus on those affected most. But we still have a long way to go.

 
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Empowering women to choose the number, timing, and spacing of their pregnancies is not only a matter of health and human rights but also touches on many multisectoral determinants vital to sustainable development, including women’s education and status in society. Without universal access to family planning and reproductive health, the impact and effectiveness of other interventions will be less, will cost more, and will take longer to achieve. The government of Uganda must make modern family planning an even higher priority to expand women’s method choice and uptake. Emphasis should be on long acting reversible methods which are more effective and less expensive and will save more mothers and children in a more cost effective way. 

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Fifty eight (58) Percent of women and girls in Uganda think that wife beating is justified (UDHS, 2011). Yet, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 5 calls for the elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls, the end of all forms of gender-based discrimination, anthe elimination of harmful practices such as child marriage and female genital mutilation (FGM).UNFPA’s work to mobilize key stakeholders in violence prevention contributes to the Fund’s larger task of leading the United Nations system in furthering gender equality and women’s empowerment
 
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In spite of the significant progress made, Uganda still needs to do more in order to reduce the unmet need for Family Planning, which at 28% is still high and drive up the Modern Contraceptive Prevalence rate, which stands at 35%. Uganda stands the chance to make quick gains and meet its Costed Implementation Plan and FP2020 targets if additional steps are taken to address factors contributing to the unmet need for family planning.

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More than three out of ten people in Uganda are young people age 10-24,  making Uganda one of the youngest countries in the world. Young people are shaping Social and economic development, challenging social norms and values, and building the foundation of the
country’s future. If the right investments are made for their empowerment to enable them explore possibilities and fulfi ll their potential, young people have the potential to drive the county’s socio-economic development.
 
 
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